International Symposium November 12-13 2018
Australian, Canadian, Italian, American, and British speakers will explain the manner in which French tree avenues constituted a major feature in theatres of the First World War. They amazed soldiers of the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) and they gave a breath of hope by indicating that there had once been order before chaos reigned. In 1915 they inspired a British officer, Second Lieutenant Alexander Douglas Gillespie, to wish for the creation of one long avenue  (...)  from the Vosges to the sea ,an idea taken up by French parliamentarian Lemire in 1919. With the coming of peace, commemorative avenues were planted throughout the British Commonwealth and in Italy. By and large, this cultural dimension of avenues is unknown in France and Europe.

Taking place the day after the Centenary of the Armistice, the symposium will deal with World War I.  Paul Gough , professor at RMIT University, Melbourne, has published numerous papers and books about  war artists, and he has studied particularly how tree avenues were perceived by soldiers. He himself is a painter, represented in the permanent collectionof the Imperial War Museum in London, the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa and the National War Memorial in New-Zealand.

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