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Conference Papers
On-line Papers / Journal Articles

Paul Gough
‘Existencillism’: Banksy and the stencil as radical graphic form
Journal: Drawing: Research, Theory, Practice , 2015 (in Press)

Contemporary graffiti artists, or ‘writers’ as they are known, observe a strict hierarchy that self-ranks ambition, daring and calligraphic innovation. At the apex are those writers who create the imposing wildstyle exhibition pieces, large-scale vivid inscriptions that require a high degree of graphic invention and daring. At the other extreme are the stencil-cutters, who by comparison are regarded within the peer community of the subculture, as lesser writers, relying on craft skills that are held to be quaint, even fraudulent. This paper explores the persistence and ubiquitous spread of the stencil as a vehicle for mass–produced street art, made especially popular through the iconic work of British street-artist Banksy. Exploring the origins of his work in stencil the paper examines how he has both radicalised the genre, while still retaining its essential value as an industrial, utilitarian, and iconic graphic.

The paper compares the deadpan, but hugely popular, drawn language of the stencil with the freehand calligraphy of the taggers, ‘kings’ and other exhibition ‘writers’, and closes with a set of questions, in particular what is the future of drawing in countercultural expression.

Subcultural graffiti
Blec le Rat
Street art